《经济学人》“病毒阴谋论”

  1. originate in… / have origins in…

Coronavirus may have originated in lab linked to China’s biowarfare program.

  1. conspiracy theories 阴谋论

The rapid, open, transparent sharing of data on this outbreak is now being threatened by rumours and misinformation around its origins. We stand together to strongly condemn conspiracy theories

  1. construct: A construct is something that is built, made, or created.

    manipulate: If you say that someone manipulates an event or situation, you disapprove of them because they use or control it for their own benefit, or cause it to develop in the way they want.

a laboratory construct or a purposefully manipulated virus.

  1. conceal the extent of… 隐瞒…的程度

    under-report / hide the number / hold down the number

    paper over…

conceal the extent of the coronavirus outbreak in its country, under-reporting both total cases and deaths it’s suffered from the disease…

paper over its failures at home / paper over my problem

  1. put sb at risk

China’s lack of transparency put people around the world at risk.

  1. deflect responsibility for… 推卸责任(甩锅)

    deflect attention from his private life

  2. foment / incite / stoke / stir up terror. 煽动恐慌

    foment: to create trouble or violence or make it worse.

  3. resort to 诉诸于、采取…的手段

  4. 人们愿意相信阴谋论的原因:

(1)人们的自恋和自负心理

Such theories also appeal to a strong streak of narcissism: there are people who would choose to believe in complicated nonsense rather than accept that their own circumstances are incomprehensible, the result of issues beyond their intellectual capacity to understand, or even their own fault.

(2)人们难以理解世界的复杂,听不懂专业又复杂的解释,而阴谋论提供了一个简单的解释,迎合了人们“追求简单”的懒惰心理

More important and more relevant to the death of expertise, however, is that conspiracy theories are deeply attractive to people who have a hard time making sense of a complicated world and who have no patience for less dramatic explanations.

  1. give / rate sb 10 out of 10 score on … 在某方面10分的话给10分

来源:公众号“经济学人双语阅读”

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