Using logical thinking in writing, avoid logical fallacies.
When converting logical syllogisms(三段论) in to writing arguments, remember:
- Lay out each premise clearly.
- Provide evidence for each premise.
- Draw a clear connection to the conclusion.
Common logical fallacies:
- Guilt by association: Association based on the unrelated traits.
- Post Hoc: After this, therefore because of this.
- Begging the question/circular argument: Take the unproved conclusion for granted/Use the conclusion as the premise.
- Non sequitur: A conclusion doesn’t follow the premise.
- Oversimplification: Multiple causes are reduced to just one.
- Hasty Generalization: erroneous inductive argument.
- Appeal to idealism, beauty, humor, nostalgia, or pity (or other emotions) in a balanced way.
- Use descriptive language & imagery to create a bond with the reader.
- To establish the writer as fair, open-minded, honest and knowledgeable about the subject matter.
- Write with a genuine concern with the topic.
- Fairly treat the objections or alternatives.